Garin Machal


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Tanks

Tanks

Nahal

Nahal Brigade (Hewbrew: נח"ל‎, stream) is part of the IDF Central Command. Nachal Was the IDF's youngest infantry division (up to the unification of the Kfir regiment). 

History
The brigade was created in 1982 as a consequence of an increased need for infantry manpower in the IDF, a result of the emerging conflict in southern Lebanon. The name Nachal was given to the brigade because the first battalion attached to it, the 50th, was the Nachal Mutznakh (Airborne Nahal) battalion, transferred over from the Paratroopers brigade. The Nachal Mutznach was a reserve battalion of which was instrumental in the Israeli victory in the Battle of Jerusalem during the Six-Day War (1967).

The Divisions name stands for the pioneering youth brigade (Nar Chalutzai Lochem) since originally it was comprised of these youth. Today it is comprised of many different sectors, not just those youth.  

There are 4 battalions in the Nahal regiment (Nahal units are named after types of rock.)
Battalion 50 (chamishim)" Basalt" 

Nachal paratrooper battalion: The battalion began as part of the Paratroopers and moved to the Nahal Brigade - after its establishment. The battalion receives many of its soldiers from farms and kibbutz and moshav members. Its training included skydiving as part of its regular course until recently they omitted skydiving from their training. This battalion has quality personnel, and can be reached without belonging to the farms – 20% of its soldiers continue to be commanders.

Battalion 931 (tesha shalosh echad)" Shaham" Shaham is the second battalion of the Nahal Brigade. 

Battalion 932 (tesha shalosh shteym) "Granite"

The battalion received the Medal of Honor from the Chief of Staff for their work in Operation Defensive Shield

Special Forces battalion: GadSar lit. Gdud Siur (Reconnaissance Battalion)

Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush which takes place the first week of the unit's basic training. Those that are accepted are reassigned into one of the specialized training programs of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar i.e. Plugat Siur (Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company of the Special Forces, the Palnat i.e. Plugat Nun Tet (Anti-Tank Company), and the Palhan i.e. Plugat Handasah (Engineering and Explosives Company). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts. Special Forces do not guard like the regular unit rather only performs missions.

Flint (pulsar nachal)

Reconnaissance Company 

Gazit (Palnat "orev" nachal)

Anti-Tank Company 

Sapphire (Palchan nachal)

Engineer Company

Agate (palchik nachal) 

Signal Company  

Acceptance to Nachal

There is no "Gibush" tryout for the regular Nachal Brigade. Acceptance is determined by availability and request 

Medical Profile 

Combat Profile required (82 and over

Length of service required for Machal 

14 months (Special Forces 2.5 years)

Track 
A few days after arrival to the division's training base, one can tryout for the special forces of Nachal.

Basic training includes 4 months of basic training class 05 rifleman and two months of advanced training class 07 rifleman. Basic training focuses on the principles and foundations of the rifleman with unique emphasis on individual training.Basic training takes place at the Tzanchanim training center in the Jordan Valley. The course takes the recruit through marksman classes, basic field navigations training, open space warfare training, helicopter deployment training, special weapons and physical fitness training,krav maga as well as general education classesAdvanced training lasts an additional 3 months and is conducted in the field for the most part. Through 13 weeks of training the recruit goes through close quarters battle training, guerrilla warfare, hummer training, APC training, grenade training and of course parachute training. Throughout training, the recruits begin to take part in some of the regular security tasks around the brigade's bases and throughout Israel's borders. At the end of advanced training the men qualify as class 07 riflemen. At this point of the training long marching exercises are a part of the norm and in advanced training the terrain becomes evermore engaging and challenging. Being an airborne brigade, Joint military exercises between the brigade and the IAFare also held. Close quarter training takes place over a week spent mostly in the field practicing breaching techniques Advanced training ends with a fully equipped 50 - 90 kilometer march after which the graduates are awarded their green berets at a festive ceremony held with the graduate's families and other honored guests. 

After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty.

Tour of Duty 
Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities.

Area of Tour of Duty
Lebanaon border, Gaza, Hebron

Weopon 

IMI Tavor TAR-21 

Motto 
The Human Advantage

Theme Song 
"Ha-Nachal Kan" (The Nachal is here")  

Flag

Green and White

Insignia

Sword with a sickle and 4 arrows

Uniform
Lime Green Beret, Brown boots, Nachal Tag and Pin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caracal

The Caracal Brigade (Hebrew: חֲטִיבַת קרקל), also known as the 33th Brigade, is the only co-ed infantry unit in the Israel Defense Forces. 

History

Caracal Brigade was established in 2004 with the intent to integrate women into combat. The unit consists of one third men and two thirds women. The brigade received its name after the “Caracal” wildcat which roams in the region the unit is deployed. The brigade’s number, 33 is named after the 33 palmach fighters who died in war in the area.  

Acceptance to caracal 
Combatprofile (72 and over). Women are required to take a two day “gibush” tryout. Men are accepted based on availability and personal data.  

Length of service required for Machal
14 months

Track 
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training (05) and two months of advanced training (07).
 Basic training takes place at the Givati training center in the South. During basic training, soldiers learn infantry content, weaponry, camouflage implementations, shooting, physical fitness, krav maga, live fire battle drills, war history, a series of education and more. 
After completing basic training, soldiers join the various battalions carrying out daily security operations

Tour of Duty
The brigade is currently deployed along the Egyptian border and its mission includes preventing terrorist infiltrations, drug smuggling, women trafficking, counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints near Eilat and regular security activities. 

Weapon

Tavor

Flag
Blue and Orange

Insignia

Egyptian border with the Caracal wildcat enwrapped in a sword

Uniform
light green Beret, red shoes, pin Warrior battalion, regimental badge.

 

 

Magav

The Israel Border Police (Hebrew: מִשְׁמַר הַגְּבוּל‎‎, Mishmar HaGvul) is the gendarmerie and border security branch of the Israel National Police. It is also commonly known by its Hebrew abbreviation Magav (Hebrew: מג"ב), meaning border guard, whilst its members are colloquially known as Magavnikim (Hebrew: מג"בניקים). Border Guard is often used as the official name of the Israel Border Police in English. While its main task is securing Israel's borders, it has also been deployed in assisting the Israel Defense Forces, and for counter-terrorism and law enforcement operations in the West Bank, as well as in Jerusalem. 

HISTORY
The Border Police was founded as the Frontier Corps (Hebrew:חיל הספר‎, Heil HaSfar), agendarmerie under the IDF in 1949 with the task of providing security in rural areas and along the borders. In the course of the following years, it was gradually transferred to the command of the Police and became the Border Police. During these years, it secured new settlements and countered infiltration of Palestinian Fedayeen, especially from Egypt and Jordan During the 1967 Six-Day War, the Border Police took part in the fighting alongside the IDF. Following the war, it was deployed in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and charged with maintaining law and order as part of the military administration. Since then, a significant portion of the Border Police's activity has been in these territories, especially during the years of the First Intifada and the Second (al-Aqsa) Intifada.

Because of their combat training, border policemen are employed in unique areas, where there are greater risks for riots, violence and even terror. They serve mainly in the countryside, in Arab villages and towns (along with the regular police), near the borders and in Juda and Samaria.

MAGAV Has 5 Special Operations Units: 
At the end of basic training after 4 months there is a 3 “day gibush” tryout to gain acceptance into these units. 

HaYamas – Is the top counter – terror undercover unit in Israel, it is a special unit of border police which specializes in covert operations, intelligence gathering, arrests and treatment of disturbances.  Widely believed to have the most advanced urban warfare capabilities in the world, Yamas has a unique mode of operations that allows it to carry out complex missions with little or no preparation due to the high level of professionalism among its troops. Known for daring day time raids and the brazen ability to surface in the most volatile Arab areas,Yamas does not follow regular military or police command structure and answers directly to the Shabak. (Secret Service) The undercover operators have clocked more combat missions in the field than any other unit in the Israeli arsenal, often conducting multiple operations in a 24 hour period.

HaYamag - Tactical counter-crime and counter-terror rapid deployment unit. The soldiers operate in civilian clothing and are often assimilated into the area during the observations and ambushes. 

Samag - specializes in riot control

Matlin  - Intelligence gathering and infiltrations interception Unit.

Calbanim (K9 force) - Police k9 unit specializing in operating dogs to locate weapons and prevention of terrorist and criminal activity, and more. 

Acceptance to Magav

There is no “gibush” tryout for Magav Acceptance is determined by availability and request. Women are required to take a two day gibush to get accepted.

Medical Profile Required

Combat Profile required (82 and over)

Length of service required for Machal

14 months 

Track 
After Basic Training (05) Magav offers a variet of gibushim to enter their elite forces. Basic training includes 4 months of basic training (05) and two months of advanced training (07). Basic training takes place at the Magav training center in the South. During basic training, soldiers learn infantry content, weaponry, camouflage implementations, shooting, physical fitness, krav maga, live fire battle drills, war history, a series of education and more. 

After completing basic training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty. All border policemen receive combat training and in addition are also trained for CT (counter-terrorism), riot control and policework. 

Tour of Duty
Border Policemen (Magav) do a professional job facing many complex issues. Almost any complex security situation involves the Magav. Among others: Homeland Security (ongoing security within the country), participation in demonstrations and high level security events, policing, preventing violations of public order, giving a response to terrorist events. Magav soldiers have the authority of a soldier and a policeman. Because of their combat training, border policemen are employed in unique areas, where there are greater risks for riots, violence and even terror. They serve mainly in the countryside, in Arab villages and towns (along with the regular police), near the borders and in Juda and Samaria.

Area of Tour of Duty
Magav provides security in every major city of Israel and conducts military operations, raids and arrests on Palestinian people in cities like Jenin, Nablus, Jericho, Qalqilyah, Tul-Karem, Ramallah, Bet Lechem and Hebron.

Weopon

M4Carbine, Jericho handgun

Flag

Green and white

Insignia

Tower and the Israeli police symbol

Uniform
Dark green beret, black boots, Magav tag and pin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Givati

The Givati Brigade (Hebrew: חֲטִיבַת גִּבְעָתִי) is an infantry unit under the command of the IDF Southern Command. 

History 

Nicknamed “Givati Independence” or “No. 5”, the Givati Brigade took a very active part in the War of Independence, they fought South of Tel - Aviv and along the Egyptian border. The division took a major part in the fight against the Egyptians.
The first divisional commander was the legendary Shimon Avidan, taking troops from the Irgun, Palmach and Hagana and built the Givati Brigade.
The division was disbanded in 1956 when as it seemed that it was no longer needed, and became a reserve brigade that fought in all of Israel's wars, The Six Day War, Yom Kippur and the First Lebanon war.
 
After the First Lebanon War, one of the lessons The IDF learned was to establish a new Infantry division which led to the rebuilding of the Givati Brigade in 1983.
 
The first commander of the brigade was Colonel Yehuda Duvdevani, by the way his family chose the color purple for the brigades beret out of a variety of other colors.
 The Brigade was awarded a medal of honor for its service in the Gaza Strip during the last two years of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in which they carried out thousands of operations in the Gaza Strip.

They also participated in the ground phase of Operation Cast Lead in Gaza. Of the IDF brigades, Givati penetrated the deepest into Gaza City. The brigade's reconnaissance battalion entered the Tel el-Hawa neighborhood in search of Hamas operatives two days before the cease fire went into effect. An estimated 40 Palestinian gunmen were killed as dozens of apartments were swept. Hamas reportedly decided to fire the commander of the Gaza City Brigade after its forces fought against Givati. 

The Givati Brigade consists of 4 Battalions

Shaked  (Almond) Battalion 
Shaked was the first battalion that was established after the re-establishment of the division.
 The symbol of the battalion is wings, which symbolizes the legendary “Shaked” battalion and protecting Israel. 
Tzabar (cactus) Battalion 
Tzabar is the second battalion that was established. The symbol of the
 battalion is the sabra bushes and symbolizes those born in Israel. (Rough on the outside, soft in the inside) 

Rotem (Furze) Battalion 
Rotem is the third battalion that was established only in 1984.
 The symbol is the rotem bush, a desert bush which succeeds to grow in such difficult terrain as the dessert. 

Special Forces battalion: GadSar lit. Gdud Siur (Reconnaissance Battalion)

Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush which takes place the first week of the unit’s basic training. Those that are accepted are reassigned into one of the specialized training programs of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar i.e. Plugat Siur (Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company of the Special Forces, the Palnat i.e. Plugat Nun Tet (Anti-Tank Companyor  “Orev”), the Palhan i.e. Plugat Handasah (Engineering and Explosives Company) and the Palchik i.e. Plugat Kishur (special radio communications). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts. Special Forces do not guard like the regular unit rather only performs missions.

Shualey Shimshon (Samsons Foxes) “Palsar”

Reconnaissance company

Dikla (palm)Orev/ Palnat”

Anti – tank  missile company

Dolev (pane tree) “Palchan”

Bomb explosives  company

Maor (source of light) “Palchik”

Signal radio company

Acceptance to GIvati 
There is no “gibush” tryout for the regular Givati Brigade. Acceptance is determined by availability and request.
  

Medical Profile Required
Combat Profile required (82 and over)

Length of service required for Machal
14 months, Special forces 2.5 years

Track 
A few days after arrival to the division's training base, one can tryout for the special forces of Givati.
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training class 05 rifleman and two months of advanced training class 07 riflemen.
 Basic training focuses on the principles and foundations of the rifleman with unique emphasis on individual training.Basic training takes place at the Tzanchanim training center in the Jordan Valley. The course takes the recruit through marksman classes, basic field navigations training, open space warfare training, helicopter deployment training, special weapons and physical fitness training,krav maga as well as general education classes Advanced training lasts an additional 3 months and is conducted in the field for the most part. Through 13 weeks of training the recruit goes through close quarters battle training, guerrilla warfare, hummer training, APC training, grenade training and of course parachute training. Throughout training, the recruits begin to take part in some of the regular security tasks around the brigade's bases and throughout Israel's borders. At the end of advanced training the men qualify as class 07 riflemen. At this point of the training long marching exercises are a part of the norm and in advanced training the terrain becomes evermore engaging and challenging. Being an airborne brigade, Joint military exercises between the brigade and the IAF are also held. Close quarter training takes place over a week spent mostly in the field practicing breaching techniques Advanced training ends with a fully equipped 50 - 90 kilometer march after which the graduates are awarded their purple berets at a festive ceremony held with the graduate's families and other honored guests.

After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty. 

Tour of Duty
Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities. 

Area of Tour of Duty
Lebanon Border, Hebron, Gaza.

Weopon

IMI Tavor TAR-21
 

Motto
"With me to Givati", "Any Place, Any Time, Any Mission" 

Theme Song 
"Mi She-Halam Givati" ("Those who dreamt Givati")

Flag

Purple and white flag 

Insignia

Fox 

Uniform
Purple Beret, Black boots, Givati Tag and Pin.

Kfir

The Kfir Brigade (Hebrew: חֲטִיבַת כְּפִיר‎‎), also known as the 900th Brigade, is one of the most recent Infantry Corps regiments in the Israel Defense Forces. It is part of the the Central regional command. They are known as the “rulers of Judah and Samaria.”

History

Kfir 900 Brigade is the youngest division in the IDF; it was formed in the late 2005. The "90s Battalions were founded in the 1990s to carry out special operations in the Judah and Samaria and Gaza and as an accompanying force to tanks in wartime. During the second Intifada it was decided to merge the battalions into one brigade to serve as designated infantry battalions that would serve in fixed areas. On December 6, 2005, the brigade was formally established with the 90s Battalions unified into a single, regular service brigade.

There are 6 Battalions in the Division

Nachshon Battalion 90

The Nachshon Battalion patrols the Tul Karem and Kalkilya territories.

Shimshon Battalion 92
Shimshon Battalion was re-established in 1997, which combined the “Pine” and “Ashbel” infantry companies - operating at that time. The battalion served for a long time in the Gaza Strip, where they destroyed dozens of terrorists, made arrests and protected the communities in the Gaza Strip. Famous for their continuous protection accompanied by many casualties - of the Netzarim settlement. The battalion is currently in charge of the city of Bet Lechem. 

Haruv Battalion 93
The battalion was re-established in 1995, and its name is derived from the the legendary Special Forces Charuv brigade. The battalion is in command of the city of Shecem. In 2003, the battalion received a medal of honor for their successful operations in Samaria. 

Duchifat Battalion 94
The battalion was re-established in 1990 as a result of the Oslo Accords, it is named after the Special Forces Duchifat Battalion which was part of the historical Harel Brigade connected with the establishment of the state. The battalion was among the forces that arrested the high profile terrorist Marwan Barghouti. 

Lavi Battalion 96 
The battalion was established in 2001.The Battalion is in charge of the Mountain South of Hebron a particularly problematic area. 

Netzach Yehudah (Formerly the Nahal Haredi Battalion)
Netzach Yehuda is the first ultra-Orthodox army battalion. The battalion is responsible for the Jordan Valley and recently the city of Jenin. 

Acceptance to kfir 
There is no “Gibush” (tryout) for the Kfir Brigade. Acceptance is determined by availability and request

Medical Profile 
Profile combat (82 and over). 

Length of service required for Machal

14 months 
Tour of Duty

Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities.

Area of Tour of Duty
Tul Kerem, Jenin, Hebron, Bet Lehem, Scem, Ramallah, Kalkiya, Jordan Valley, Gaza.

Track 
A few days after arrival to the division's training base, one can tryout for Special Forces “Oketz” or “Lotar”
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training class 05 rifleman and two months of advanced training class 07 rifleman. Basic training focuses on the principles and foundations of the rifleman with unique emphasis on individual training. Basic training takes place at the Tzanchanim training center in the Jordan Valley. The course takes the recruit through marksman classes, basic field navigations training, open space warfare training, helicopter deployment training, special weapons and physical fitness training,krav maga as well as general education classes Advanced training lasts an additional 3 months and is conducted in the field for the most part. Through 13 weeks of training the recruit goes through close quarters battle training, guerrilla warfare, hummer training, APC training, grenade training and of course parachute training. Throughout training, the recruits begin to take part in some of the regular security tasks around the brigade's bases and throughout Israel's borders. At the end of advanced training the men qualify as class 07 riflemen. At this point of the training long marching exercises are a part of the norm and in advanced training the terrain becomes evermore engaging and challenging. Being an airborne brigade, Joint military exercises between the brigade and the IAFare also held. Close quarter training takes place over a week spent mostly in the field practicing breaching techniques Advanced training ends with a fully equipped 50 - 90 kilometer march after which the graduates are awarded their prestigious camouflage berets at a festive ceremony held with the graduate's families and other honored guests.

After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty.

Weapon

Carbine M14

Flag

Camouflaged and white striped

Insignia

Sword with wings

Uniform
Spotted Beret, brown boots, pin Warrior battalion, regimental badge.

 

Golani

Golani Brigade (Hebrew: חֲטִיבַתגּוֹלָנִי, also known as the 1st Brigade) is an Israeli infantry regiment that is subordinated to the 36th Division and traditionally associated with the Northern Command. It is one of the oldest divisions in the IDF. 

History:
The Brigade was established in 1948 with the establishment of the state.The brigade was formed on February 22, 1948 during the 1948 War of Independance, when the Levanoni Brigade in the Galilee split into the 1st Golani Brigade and the 2nd Carmeli Brigade.  Early Golani soldiers were farmers and new immigrants, so the strong connection to the land (earth) was important to symbolize. For this reason, Golani's soldiers are designated by brown berets.Their major operation in the War of Independence was “Operation Fact” were they conquered the Negev, Arava, and Gulf of Eilat. It has since participated in all of Israel's major wars and nearly all major operations, including the Sinai War, Six-Day War, War of Attrition, Yom Kippur War (were the conquered the Hermon post), Operation Entebbe, Operation Litani, the first and second wars in Lebanon, Operation Home Front, Operation Cast Lead and various operations during the Palestinian intifadas.

The Golani regiment consists of 5 battalions:
Battalion 12 (shteym esrai)  “Barak” The battalion is named after Barak Ben - Avinoam, a general from the Bible who led the complex battle against Sisera, and the iron carriages in the Kishon valley. The battalion is known for the victory of Tel – Faher in the Six Day War, the battalion also participated in the most difficult battles of the Yom Kippur War and lost many soldiers. 
Battalion 13 (shalosh esrai)Gideon” The battalion is named after Gideon, a general from the Bible. 
Battalion 51 (chamishim ve echad)HaBokim Rishon” (First Breachers) They were the first battalion that had reached the besieged Negev in the War of Independence - during Operation Yoav. 

Special Forces battalion: GadSar lit. Gdud Siur (Reconnaissance Battalion)
Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush which takes place the first week of the unit’s basic training. Those that are accepted are reassigned into one of the specialized training programs of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar i.e. Plugat Siur (Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company of the Special Forces, the Palnat i.e. Plugat Nun Tet (Anti-Tank Company), and the Palhan i.e. Plugat Handasah (Engineering and Explosives Company). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts. Special Forces do not guard like the regular unit rather only performs missions.

Pulsar – Reconnaissance Company

PalNat or Orev – anti tank Missile Company

PalChan - Explosives

Palchik - Communications Signal Company 

Egoz Reconnaissance Unit – Anti – guerrilla special forces 

Acceptance to Golani 
There is no tryout for the Golani Brigade. Acceptance is determined by availability and request

Medical Profile 
Combat Profile required (82 and over)

Length of service required for Machal
14 months (Special Forces 2.5 years)

Tour of Duty
Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities.  

Area of Tour of Duty
Gaza, Lebanon Border, Hevron

Track 
A few days after arrival to the division's training base, one can tryout for the special forces of Golani
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training class 05 rifleman and two months of advanced training class 07 rifleman. 
Basic training focuses on the principles and foundations of the rifleman with unique emphasis on individual training. Basic training takes place at the Tzanchanim training center in the Jordan Valley. The course takes the recruit through marksman classes, basic field navigations training, open space warfare training, helicopter deployment training, special weapons and physical fitness training,krav maga as well as general education classes Advanced training lasts an additional 3 months and is conducted in the field for the most part. Through 13 weeks of training the recruit goes through close quarters battle training, guerrilla warfare, hummer training, APC training, grenade training and of course parachute training. Throughout training, the recruits begin to take part in some of the regular security tasks around the brigade's bases and throughout Israel's borders. At the end of advanced training the men qualify as class 07 riflemen. At this point of the training long marching exercises are a part of the norm and in advanced training the terrain becomes evermore engaging and challenging. Being an airborne brigade, Joint military exercises between the brigade and the IAFare also held. Close quarter training takes place over a week spent mostly in the field practicing breaching techniques Advanced training ends with a fully equipped 50 - 90 kilometer march after which the graduates are awarded their coveted brown berets at a festive ceremony held with the graduate's families and other honored guests.

After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty. 

Weapon

Mini Tavor

Motto 
“The No. 1 Brigade”

Theme Song
“Golani Sheli” (My Golani)

Insignia

Olive Tree is known for its strong roots that penetrate and firmly hold the land, reflecting the brigade's connection with the State of Israel's heritage.

Uniform
Brown Beret which symbolizes the brigade's connection with the soil of the Land of Israel. Black boots, Golani Tag and Pin. 

Flag

Yellow and Green

 

 

Paratroopers (Tzanhanim)

The Paratroopers Brigade (Hebrew: חֲטִיבַת הַצַּנְחָנִים‎‎, Hativat HaTzanhanim), also known as the 35th Brigade, is an infantry unit. It has a history of carrying out special forces-style missions dating back to the 1950s. It is currently involved primarily in counter terror operations within the West Bank.

History
The brigade was created at the mid 1950s when the commando Unit 101 was merged with Battalion 890 (the IDF's Airborne Commando unit) in order to form an elite infantry brigade. The new unit was equipped with the IMI Uzi submachine guns their primary weapon as it provided light and small automatic fire - essential properties for recon units and commandos.

The goals in creating the Paratroopers Brigade were:

  1. To have an elite infantry force.

  2. To innovate and improve fighting skills within other infantry units.

  3. To raise the next generation of military commanders and officers. 

The Paratroopers Brigade has fought in every Israeli War. Ironicaly they have had only one operational combat parachute drop, during the 1956 Sinai War. In the Six Day War (1967) the brigade took part in the capture of Jerusalem, along with the Jerusalem Brigade, Harel Brigade and armored support. The Paratroopers were the ones to capture the Western Wall and theTemple Mount, considered an historic moment and the highlight of the war by the Israeli public due to the sanctity of these places to the Jewish people.

TheBrigade has 4 battalions (all the battalions are named after poisonous snakes)

890 (shmona meot teshim) "Echis" Airborne Battalion

101 (meah ve echad)"Cobra" Airborne Battalion

202 (matayem ve shtayem) "Viper" Airborne Battalion

"Flying Serpent" Special Forces battalion: GadSar lit. Gdud Siur (Reconnaissance Battalion)
Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush which takes place the first week of the unit’s basic training. Those that are accepted are reassigned into one of the specialized training programs of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar i.e. Plugat Siur (Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company of the Special Forces, the Palnat i.e. Plugat Nun Tet (Anti-Tank Company), the Palhan i.e. Plugat Handasah (Engineering and Explosives Company) and Palchik i.e. plugat kishur (communications). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts. Special Forces do not guard like the regular unit rather only performs missions

"Naja"(orev tzanchanim) - Anti-Tank Company

"Coluber(chan tzanchanim) - Exposives

"Taipan"(pulsar tzanchanim) - Reconaissance

"Eryx(palchik) - Communications

In addition to the Gadsar one can enter the prestigious Duvdevan and Maglon units through the Gadsar gibush for tzanchanim.

Acceptance to Tzanchanim

Medical Profile 
Profile combat (82 and over) 

Length of Length of service required for Machal
14 months (Special Forces 2.5 years)

Track 
A few days after arrival to the division's training base, one can tryout for Special Forces including Duvdevan and Maglon.
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training class 05 rifleman and two months of advanced training class 07 rifleman. Basic training focuses on the principles and foundations of the rifleman with unique emphasis on individual training.Basic training takes place at the Tzanchanim training center in the Jordan Valley. The course takes the recruit through marksman classes, basic field navigations training, open space warfare training, helicopter deployment training, special weapons and physical fitness training,krav maga as well as general education classesAdvanced training lasts an additional 3 months and is conducted in the field for the most part. Through 13 weeks of training the recruit goes through close quarters battle training, guerrilla warfare, hummer training, APC training, grenade training and of course parachute training. Throughout training, the recruits begin to take part in some of the regular security tasks around the brigade's bases and throughout Israel's borders. At the end of advanced training the men qualify as class 07 riflemen. At this point of the training long marching exercises are a part of the norm and in advanced training the terrain becomes evermore engaging and challenging. Being an airborne brigade, Joint military exercises between the brigade and the IAFare also held. Close quarter training takes place over a week spent mostly in the field practicing breaching techniques.

The prestigious jumping course takes place over two weeks at the Idf's special skills school. The course begins with ground exercises and preparation jumps. Recruits must complete 5 successful jumps on the last day of the course in order to graduate. The jumps are conducted at an altitude of 400 meters, allowing for 50 seconds of drift time in the face of a breathtaking view. At the end of the course the graduates are awarded the parachute wings pin. Advanced training ends with a fully equipped 90 kilometer march after which the graduates are awarded their red berets. The march begins at Tel Nof and ends at "Givat Hatahmoshet" in Jerusalem with a festive ceremony held with the graduate's families and other honored guests.

After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions to continue training and tour of duty.. 

Tour of Duty
Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities.

Area of Tour of Duty
Lebanon Border, Shcem, Gaza

Weapon

M4 Carbine

Motto
"Initiate, Lead, Make an Example and Win" 

Theme song
“Col hazman tzanchan”” Always a tzanchan 

Flag

Red and White 

Insignia

Snake

Uniform
Soldiers of the Paratroopers Brigade are distinguished by their red beret, paratrooper wings, reddish-brown leather boots and the paratroopers tunic (Yerkit), which is slightly different from the regular ground forces service dress.

 

 

Combat Engineering Corps

The Israeli Combat Engineering Corps (Hebrew: חיל ההנדסה הקרבית, Heil HaHandasa HaKravit) is the combat engineering forces of the Israel Defense Forces. Combat Engineering Corps Is a force that combines infantry and engineering. Combat Engineer Corps break barriers, dismantles land mines, plants explosives, and creates obstacles for the enemy (mines, fences, trenches, dirt, etc.) in addition they functions as a regular infantry unit.

History
The Combat Engineering Corps has a record of professional achievement and decoration. Its best known operation is the bridging of the Suez Canal during the Yom Kippur War. The corps was formed from the sabotage unit of the Palmach and the tractors operators units of the Israeli War of Independence. In its ealy years, the Combat Engineering Corps drew its soldiers mainly from Jews who had served in the United Kingdom's Royal Engineers. Its roles include mobility assurance, road breaching, defense and fortifications, counter-mobility of enemy forces, construction and destruction under fire, sabotage, explosives, bomb disposal, counter-NBC and special engineering missions. In addition to Combat Engineering Corps sappers, each infantry brigade has an engineering company trained with basic engineering and EOD (Explosive Ordnance Disposal) skills (called פלח"הן). Combat Engineering Corps sappers and heavy equipment operators are often attached to other units (such as armored or infantry brigades) in order to help them breach through obstacles and handle explosive threats. Combat Engineers have played a vital role in every war of Israel.

Combat Engineering has five battalions: 
601Battalion “Asaf”

603 Battalion “Lahav” 
605 
Battalion “Machatz”
 

ABAC Battalion – counter nuclear, biological and chemical warfare.

Special Elite Forces Battalion:

Yahalom (Diamond) - In order to be accepted into the unit one must enlist with the Israeli Engineering Corps and go through basic training ("Tironut"), where commanders identify the best trainees and select them for "Gibbush" (a five day test of physical and mental condition in intensive field trials). The best graduates of the Gibbush are invited to join the unit and received advance training, which takes another year. Because the training takes a total of 1.4 years, the volunteers must agree to serve an extra year (in addition to the mandatory three year service in the IDF). The training includes training in engineering, EOD, advanced combat and counter-terrorism.

Medical Profile 
Combat Profile (82 and over) ABAC 72 and over

Length of service required for Machal
14 months
 (Special Forces 3.5 years) 

Track 
Basic training includes 4 months of basic training (05) and two months of advanced training (07). Basic training takes place at Handasa Kravit training center in the Jordan Valley. During basic training, soldiers learn infantry content, weaponry, camouflage implementations, shooting, physical fitness, krav maga, live fire battle drills, war history, a series of education and special training in demolition and explosives. After completing advanced training, soldiers join the various battalions performing daily security operations. Besides extensive training in basic combat engineering, combat engineers go through specialized training in their respective professions. These are: 

Sapper: trained with all the basic engineering skill and also trained at high infantry level. Their main role is to breach through terrain obstacles (natural and artificial), breach through minefields and enable forces to advance in the battle field. They are trained to supply close combat support for both armoured fighting vehicles and infantry. Some of them are trained in driving the Combat Engineering Corps standard CEV. the IDF Puma.  

Bulldozer Operators: belong to the EVO, these soldiers are operating the IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozers, including under heavy fire. Their roles are versatile and differ according to the units whom they are attached. The D9 operators perfom construction, destruction, breaching and EOD missions while assisting to tanks, infantry and even special forces during battle. 

NBC Disposal: called “purifiers” they are expert in handling nuclear, biological and chemical threats.

Engineering Vehicles Operator (EVO): less combatant but nonetheless important, these soldiers are skilled in the operation of heavy mechanical equipment and engineering vehicles such as heavy bulldozers, excavators, cranes, tractors and mine-breaching devices. EVO units are called צמ"ה (Tzama) in Hebrew, acronym of Tziyud Mechani Handasi (Mechanical Engineering Equipment). They professional ranks are Rifleman 05 (רובאי 05) and EVO Operator 07 (מפעיל צמ"ה 07).

EOD experts: the Explosive Ordnance Disposal are experts in detonating explosives without damage and bomb disposal. Among their equipment you can find the Barrett M82A1 and remote-control EOD robots with shotguns and mechanic-arms. The EOD are the military equivalent of the police's bomb squad. In the IDF, they are a part of the elite Engineering unit Yahalom.

Demolition experts: they are specially trained in blowing up things in the most accurate and effective way. They explode things ranging from cellular phones and doorlocks up to tanks and large buildings. In the IDF, the demolition experts are united in Sayeret Yael of Yahalom Fortification experts: assigned on designing and overseeing the construction of bases, outposts, bridges and fortifications. Construction itself is usually done by the EVOs.

Counter-Tunnels experts: established in 2003 by the late Captain Aviv Hakani, these Combat Engineering Corps soldiers are expert in finding smuggling tunnels and weapon caches, and demolishing them. They operated in Rafah during the al-Aqsa Intifada and received recommendation of honor for their activity. After 2004 APC incident the Rafah tunnel team was united with the Combat Engineering Corps elite unit Yahalom and was renamed Sayeret Samur ("Samur" means "Weasel" in Hebrew).

Tour of Duty
Tour of duty includes counter-terror operations, arrests of Palestinian militants, patrols, manning checkpoints and regular security activities.

Area of Tour of Duty
Lebanon Border, Gaza

Weapon

M4 Carbine 

Motto
“Always First” 

Flag
Orange and Black 

Insignia
A swordon a defensive tower with a blast halo on the background. 

Uniform
Silver Beret, Black Boots

Shiryon (Tanks)

Shiryon (Tanks)
Tanks are the leading force in the IDF, supported by the Israeli made "Merkava" tank. The task of the tank regiments is simple yet challenging – to win the war. Tanks were the victorious key in the six day war and Yom Kipur war. Anyone that desires to feel the power of the tanks needs only to stand across from a platoon of tanks charging in your direction to realize the fear these monster vehicles possess

History
Shiryon has taken a critical role in all of the wars of Israel, and continues to take a meaningful role in day to day security.Today, the tank is central to the art of war, and is considered the primary decisive factor on the modern land battlefield. Unfortunately since not a single country agreed to sell new tanks to Israel. Israel was forced to learn the technologies of armor, in order to rehabilitate the obsolete metal hulks, which they had purchased through programs of rebuilding, regunning and engine replacements. Fortunately this bore the most sophisticated and modern tank today the Israeli made "Merkava" (chariot).

There are three regiments in tanks:
Regiment7 Otzmat HaGolan "Power of the Golan"
 –the first regiment in the IDF it was formed after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. The regiment has participated in every war of Israel. The regiment is located in the Golan Heights However performs active duty in the Judea and Samaria and Gaza. Regiment 7 currently uses the Merkava Mark 3.

Regiment188 Barak "lightning"- The regiment has participated in every war of Israel. The regiment is located in the Golan Heights However performs active duty in Judea and Samaria and Gaza. Regiment 188 currently uses the Merkava Mark 3.

Regiment 401 Akvot HaBarzel "Iron tracks" – The regiment was established in 1967 during the six day war. Since has participated in all of the wars. The brigade is located in the Jordan Valley and serves in Gaza, Judea, Samaria and the Lebanon border. Regiment 401 currently uses the Merkava Mark 4.

There are two Special Forces in Tanks
Pulsar 7

Pulsar 401
Pulsar are the eyes and ears of the tank regiments. Soldiers receive an advance 1.4 months special training. Pulsar shiryon are the first soldiers in battle in wartime.

Machsorim Squad
Another change in tanks is the recent creation of the siur (machsarim) this is a special rescue force compiled of high calibre soldiers. The soldiers are selected from the tanks division. They receive training in reconnaissance, navigation, surveillance and combat driving in hummer vehicles. The task of the Machasarim is to gather information in special surveillance squads for the regiments in times of emergencies. Note Pulsar Shiryon and Machsarim are not the same units.

Acceptance to Shiryon
There is no "gibush" tryout for Shiryon. Acceptance is determined by availability and request. 

Medical Profile Required
Combat Profile required (72 and over)

Length of service required for Machal
14 months (Pulsar Shiryon 2.5 years)

Track 
A few days after arrival to Shiryon, one can tryout for the special forces of Shiryon (Pulsar 401and 7)

The training of tanks consists of 7 months. Soldiers receive a (03) Basic training Training takes place at the Shiryon training center near Eilat. During basic training, soldiers learn infantry content, weaponry, camouflage implementations, shooting, physical fitness, live fire battle drills, war history, a series of education and more. 

Basic training lasts for a month afterwards soldiers are selected for different positions in the tanks based on coordination and other personal data. The different positions in the tanks are Gunner, Loader, driver, radio man, Soldiers then study their respective field for 2 months. Following the training is the stage of "tzamp" (tzevet machlaka pluga)Crew, squad and Platoon. During this stage the soldiers focus on working together as a team. The "tzamp" training lasts for 4 months. At the end of the 4 months the top soldiers will advance to become commanders (Komat – course mefakdim tankim) the course lasts for 4 months. The remaining soldiers will perform daily security operations.

Tour of Duty
Today because of the demand for security in Judah and Samaria, soldiers receive an infantry style training in order to adapt to the everyday security missions including patrolling and house arrests.

Area ofTour of Duty
Lebanon and Syrian Border, Gaza, Judah and Samaria

Weapon
M4 carbine

Uniform
Black Beret, Black boots, Shiryon Tag and Pin.

Flag
Red and Black

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